|Information cues available in laparoscopy and other forms of minimally invasive surgery are impoverished relative to cues available in open surgery. Acquiring surgical skill in such an environment is extremely challenging. Even after mastery, continued practice can lead to problems for the surgeon as indicated by frequent incidence of pain and injury associated with laparoscopy. The long-term impact on the surgeon performing these procedures is largely unknown.
The goal of this work is to develop and test new technologies that will break down the barriers that block more surgeons from attaining and continuing to practice (without injury or pain) high levels of skill in MIS. This project will develop new technology by concentrating on three major research thrusts: